Is your bunion affecting your everyday life? Here’s what you can do about it…
A foot bunion is a foot deformity that is characterised by the hallux or your big toe adducting (moving inwards).
This is commonly referred to as hallux valgus.
Hallux valgus has a genetic predisposition and is more common in women than men. The risk factors that contribute to developing foot bunions include. trauma to the foot, poor foot mechanics and wearing high heels or tight narrow fitting shoes.
Symptoms a foot bunion gives:
The physical appearance of the bunion or prominent bump on the base of your big toe is the greatest indication of the deformity. Other symptoms associated with hallux valgus include:
- Reduced range of movement in the big toe
- Persistent pain especially on weight bearing
- Swelling, redness and tenderness over the prominence
- Corns or calluses
- Difficulty finding footwear accommodating the big toes position
- Discomfort with compression of the foot such as whilst wearing narrow shoes
What treatment options are there?
Physiotherapy treatment aims to minimise symptoms and prevent further deterioration of hallux valgus. This includes orthotics, toe inserts and strapping that can be used where appropriate. Stretching of the foot is also effective for prevention of hallux valgus.
Shoe modification is also essential, ensuring your shoes conform to the shape of your foot, are not tight fitting and allows space between the tip of your longest toe and the shoe.
For symptomatic relief ice packs can be effective at alleviating discomfort. Along with taking anti-inflammatory medication as prescribed by your pharmacist to relieve inflammation.
If your symptoms continue despite trying all the above, then surgical correction can be an option.
Even after surgery, orthoses and shoe modification is a good idea. This is because the recurrence rate after surgical correction can be as high as 25%.
To get your big toe pointing straight again and relieve your pain come and see our experienced musculoskeletal Physiotherapist’s at myPhysioSA.
Call us on 1300 189 289: Payneham, Mount Barker & Mile End
by Lauren Mutton, Physiotherapist at myPhysioSA Mount Barker